This colorful rail is usually found among floating vegetation in southeastern wetlands. Purple Gallinules appear more slender and longer-winged than similar Common Moorhen. Adult: The head and underparts are bluish-purple, except for the bright white undertail coverts. Upperparts are green, with bluish-green wing coverts. The red bill has a yellow tip and a pale blue frontal shield. The legs and long toes are yellow. Juvenile: The head and underparts are buffy brown, fading to white on the throat, belly, and undertail coverts. The upperparts are greenish brown. The bill is dull greenish-brown. Legs and feet are dull yellow. Downy chicks are black with a red and black banded bill.
Length: 27 (cm) Wingspan: 53 (cm)
Calls include a wide variety of sharp notes and grunts.
Freshwater wetlands with floating and emergent vegetation, rice fields.
Somewhat secretive, Purple Gallinules frequently walk on floating vegetation and through brush. They seldom swim in open water.
Feeds on seeds and flowers of aquatic plants, aquatic invertebrates.
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